講座：Followers’ Reactions to Leader Differentiation
題 目：Followers’ Reactions to Leader Differentiation
嘉 賓：Yuchuan Liu, visiting scholar in the Lee Kong Chian School of Business, Singapore Management University
主持人：李欣欣 助理教授 上海交通大學安泰經濟與管理學院
時 間：2020年09月23日（周三） 13:30-15:00
地 點：線上ZOOM平臺 (校內師生如需獲取會議號和密碼，請于9月22日中午12點前發送電郵至orgmgt@acem.sjtu.edu.cn)
Leaders generally differentiate their relationships with followers, for example, by providing some with more respect, trust, support, or information than others (Liden & Graen, 1980). However, the effects of such leader differentiation on followers remain inconclusive such that research suggests that leader differentiation may have negative, positive, or null effects on favorable employee work-related outcomes (for a recent review, see Martin et al., 2018). To better understand the effects of leader differentiation on followers, utilizing leader-member exchange (LMX) theory, this research examined how three inherently connected properties in the leader differentiation process (i.e., LMX differentiation, LMX quality and LMX social comparison) interacted to influence followers’ supervisory interactional justice perceptions and subsequently their discretionary behaviors toward their leaders. Results from three studies, with different research designs and conducted in different cultures, supported the hypothesized conditional moderated mediation model. When LMX quality and LMX social comparison were both high, the negative impact of LMX differentiation on followers’ supervisory interactional justice perceptions was the weakest. In addition, when LMX quality and LMX social comparison were both high, LMX differentiation’s positive indirect effect on followers’ supervisor-directed deviance and its negative indirect effect on followers’ supervisor-directed organizational citizenship behaviors via followers’ supervisory interactional justice perceptions were the weakest.
Dr.Liu is a visiting scholar in the Lee Kong Chian School of Business, Singapore Management University. His research is broadly in the area of Organizational Behavior. In particular, he focuses on leadership, inequality, and discretionary behaviors in business contexts. Adopting multiple methodologies and across multiple levels of analyses, he examines theoretical and practical issues in these three domains. For example, how to become an effective leader, how to help employees with disadvantages backgrounds work their way up, and why some employees reject their colleagues' helping behaviors. His research has been presented in top-tier conferences such as the annual conferences of AOM and SIOP.